Methods of Water Removal
- Light wand extraction
- Extreme extractor
- The Dri-Eaz Rover
- Injectidry and Dri Force mat systems
- Structural drying
- Heat drying
- Top down drying
- Specialty drying
Water Extraction Techniques & Equipment
Water Extraction, sometimes referred to as Water Removal, is one of the least expensive elements of a professional drying project yet it has the potential to drastically affect the the overall time and success of the entire Flood Restoration process.
A poor water extraction can double or more the duration of the drying process and potentially destroy otherwise salvageable building components. Water extraction can be performed by a variety of equipment types, but generally only a few are used. The equipment types that we use are covered in this section, accessed with the links on the right.
Warning: There are vast differences in quality between devices that are similar to the untrained eye. The variations are too great to go into vast detail on the site, so we would simply caution you to always use a company specializing in performing water extractions and drying.
Water Extraction and Wood Floors
For water under wood floors the extraction begins with the squeegee wand then the trapped water is partially extracted with the mat system and a water separator.
Wood floors pose special problems for extraction as water becomes trapped under and between the planks. This problem is compounded by the existence of several types of wood floors installed in several different manners. Water atop the wood floor is removed with a light squeegee wand but that below must be extracted by specialty drying equipment.
Water Extraction and Carpeted Flooring
The initial extraction of carpet is usually performed by a light wand (click here for more information on Light Wand Extraction) and a squeegee wand on hard floors. The suction of the unit to which the wand's hose is attached is of far more importance than the style of wand itself. Some companies use a truck mounted extraction unit while others use portable units. 877QuicDry (877-784-2379) uses both as determined by the specific project situation.
For many, this initial extraction completes the extraction process, but 877QuicDry (877-784-2379) sees it as merely the beginning. To thoroughly extract water from the carpet and pad, the best second step is the use of self propelled roller or pressure extractors. The two popular models on the market are the Extreme Extractor and the Rover. These devices can remove an extra 10% to 20% of water after a typical extraction. The utilization of this equipment can significantly reduce drying times. 877QuicDry (877-784-2379) utilizes both of these pieces, but the use of either on any project depends upon the specific circumstances and conditions on that project.
Light Wand Extraction
The process of Light Wand Extraction uses the light wand with either a truck mounted extraction unit or a portable extraction unit. Traditionally, the suction from a truck mounted extraction unit far exceeded that of portable units, but this is changing with the technological advances in some of the newly designed portable extraction units. The use of one over the other now is more of a matter of preference on averaged size jobs. Many companies still prefer the truck mounted units for large residential and commercial water damage projects.
The Extreme Extractor is another example of a ride-on suction device used for Water Extraction in the Restorative Drying Process. The extreme extractor works much like the Rover except the Extreme Extractor uses a perforated rotary drum for suction rather than the Teflon glide.
Another important difference is that the Extreme Extractor, if equipped with the suction pack, can also operate without the external truck or portable extraction unit. In fact, the Extreme Extractor was proven the single best machine for water removal when compared against all other extractors, including truck mounted extraction equipment, in the independently conducted WET test conducted recently.
The Dri-Eaz Rover is one example of a ride-on suction device used in the Restorative Drying process, also known as Flood Restoration. We utilize the most advanced Flood Restoration and Restorative Drying equipment in the Water Damage industry.
The Dri-Eaz Rover uses suction from the same truck mounted or portable equipment used for a light wand system. Its motor drive and tuned port teflon suction glides form an optimum condition for water removal. The motor drive of the Dri-Eaz Rover provides a constant speed, while the tuned ports on the teflon glide provide high velocity intake suction.
Wood floors pose special problems for extraction as water becomes trapped under and between the planks. This problem is compounded by the existence of several types of wood floors installed in several different manners.
Water atop the wood floor is removed with a light squeegee wand but that below must be extracted by specialty drying equipment, such as a mat system and/or a water separator.
Two such types of equipment are the Dri-eaz Dri Force and the Injectidry HP60. Both of these devices are not designed as primary extraction devices but more to remove small amounts of water and large volumes of moisture. Water separator devices are used to keep water from entering the equipment. These devices are intended to be used with floor mat drying systems when used in this capacity. The drying mats suction themselves to the floor with the help of the suction units previously mentioned. Water and moisture are drawn up through the mats into the hoses. Ultimately the vapor is dispersed into the air to be removed by the dehumidifiers and the the water is caught in the separator. While these devices are primarily designed for use as suction devices, they can also be used in other capacities which are discussed in greater detail in the specialty drying section.
The Injectidry and Dri Force are the two most popular mat suction devices in the industry. 877QuicDry (877-784-2379) utilizes both systems. We address water under laminate floors (usually with very limited success), water under engineered wood floors, water under traditional wood floors attached directly to the slab or sub-floor, and water under traditional wood floors on sleepers. Each scenario is dried by different equipment and techniques.
There are dozens of places where loose water will pond beyond that within the visible flooring. The water restoration experts at 877QuicDry (877-784-2379) are trained to recognize conditions that may be conducive to hidden water and remove it at the source.
After completing the initial assessment and extraction, the drying process is put into place. Oversimplifying, the traditional drying process involves evaporation of affected building components accomplished by high velocity laminar and axial fans coupled with dehumidification by any of three primary types of dehumidifiers, conventional refrigerant, low-grain refrigerant, and desiccant. 877QuicDry (877-784-2379) utilizes all three types depending upon the circumstances.
Heat drying systems have also gained popularity over the past few years. Although the documented science behind heat drying is centuries old, the process has only recently gained enough popularity to warrant commercialization of the heat drying systems. These systems utilize high heat and air movement to force trapped water and moisture from within building structures. The primary drawbacks with heat drying is the uninhabitable environment it creates and the need to take special precautions with plants, pets, candles, and other heat vulnerable items. It is adeal however for unoccupied structures or structures that would not otherwise be occupiable regardless of the drying system utilized. 1-877Quic Dry utilizes heat drying on projects where the application is proper.
Drying can also be accomplished with fans and no additional equipment when environmental conditions are optimal and a structure can be left open without fear of theft or vandalism. Unfortunately, the greater Houston and Galveston area (the Gulf Coast in general) only have a handful of days each year that are conducive to this style of drying. The relative humidity is simply too high most of the time. This style of drying is referred to as open drying. These general systems are used in tandem with specialty drying systems discussed elsewhere within this site.
877QuicDry (877-784-2379) of Houston, Texas and the Galveston area, may utilize specialty drying systems on walls or ceilings where drywall is doubled, paneling or other items are laminated over drywall, wall coverings are used, semi-gloss paint is used, enamel is used, insulation is present, cabinets are present, or for other special conditions. We would also use special systems for drying stone floors, wood floors, and under special circumstances, ceramic tile floors. 877QuicDry (877-784-2379) utilizes several different drying systems, each specifically designed for the situations stated above.
These systems inject dry warm air, extract moist air, filter potentially contaminated air from old losses, and much more. The proper utilization of these specialty systems is but one of several differences setting professional drying companies such as 877QuicDry (877-784-2379) apart from the others.